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Kanha National Park


Kanha National Park - the richest tiger reserve of India, in the state of Madhya Pradesh is popular for its tiger population. If you are in India to see tigers in abundance, then this is the place for you to visit. The park is located between the Banjar and Halon valleys in the Mandla / Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The Kanha National Park was established after a lot of flurry within the concerned circles regarding rampant killing of animals in the area at the time. The central Kanha valley was declared a sanctuary way back in the year 1933 but was been given the status of a National Park in the year 1955.    

Geography

Area

1940 sq km

Elevation

1,210 m (3,970 ft)

Summer

40.6 °C

Winter

11.1 °C

Established

1938

Park Closed

July to mid November (Due toMonsoon)

The entire topography of Kanha consists of huge plateaus with vast grasslands, three rivers like -Sulkum, Banjar and Nila and numerous perennial springs, that waters the higher areas during the extremely hot summer months.

While you are venturing the forest area, you will pass by the thick forests of Bija, Haldu, Dhaora trees. The forest is also covered by Sal, Ban-rahar, Bamboo and Sindhur. But, try to visit the park during the cooler and greener months, as the lush surroundings of the park makes it amazingly beautiful. The Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries: Hallon and Banjar, of 250 sq km and 300 sq km each.

The Fauna
When you are at Kanha National Park, you must be looking for the tigers, for which it is famous round the world. Tiger sightings are very common here. Other than the tiger, some of the more frequently seen animals in the park consist of Leopards, Gaur, Sambar, Chausinghas, Barasingha, Nilgais, Sloth Bears, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer (Barasingha), Blackbuck, Langurs, Wild Boars, Porcupines, Mouse Deer, Hyenas, Jackals, Wild Dogs (Dholes), Gray Langurs, Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Chittal and Wild Pig.

The Avi-fauna

Kanha has over 300 different species of birds within its complex. Some of the more interesting ones for bird lovers to look out for are Pied or Marsh Harriers, Red Jungle Fowls, Painted Spur Fowls, Lesser Whistling Teals, Common Teals, Pintails, Cotton Teals, Shovelers, Peafowls, Indian Rollers, Racket Tailed Drongos, Red Wattled Lapwings, Brown Fish Owls, Nightjars, Laggers, Shaheen Falcons, Shikras, Crested Serpent Eagles, Crested Honey Buzzards, Yellow Wattled Lapwings, Green Bee-eaters, Scavenger Vultures, Long Billed Vultures, White backed Vultures, gray Hornbills, Tree Pies, Kestrels, Barn Owls, White Eyed Buzzards, Black Winged Kites, Mynahs, Munias, Bushchats, Black Headed Orioles, Golden Orioles, Paradise Flycatchers, Pied Malabar Hornbills, Indian Pittas, Indian Stone Curlews, Common Gray Partridges, Warblers, Flycatchers, Babblers, Woodpeckers, Painted Partridges, Green Pigeons, Black Ibis, White Necked Storks, Lesser Adjutant Storks, White breasted Kingfishers, Pied Kingfishers, Egrets and Cormorants.

Also visit the Reptiles section which houses - Monitor Lizards, Pythons and a large variety of other snakes.

History
disbanded, the area remained a protected one until 1947. Depletion of the tiger population in the years that followed led to the area being made an absolute sanctuary in 1952. By a special statute in 1955, Kanha National Park came into being. Since then, a series of stringent conservation programmes for the protection of the park's flora and fauna has given Kanha its deserved reputation for being one of the finest and best administered National Parks in Asia, an irresistible attraction for all wildlife lovers and a true haven for its animal and avian population.